Cross-loaded items were removed. A PCA with the same set of procedures was run again after removing the unsatisfactory items. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were computed for a summated scale to estimate the reliability of each factor generated. A list of questions assessing Residents’ perception was compiled from the tourism and casino impacts(Carmichael, Peppard & Boudreau, 1996; Long, 1996; Jurowski, Uysal,& Williams, 1997; Baxandall, 2005; Back and Lee, 2005; Lee, Kang, Long and Reisinger, 2010).
Finally, the questionnaire items included to find out whether residents were supportive for the expansion of the casino. To determine residents’ perceptions of the negative and positive impacts of casino development as critical predictors of their willingness level of support for the planned casino expansion near future. Five questions to examine respondents’ willingness level of support for the expansion were included. For this research, the results show that male respondents were 54.8% and female were 45.2% and aged between 30 and 39 were 25.6%, aged between 40 and 49 were 35.2% and aged between 50 and 59 were 21.6%. More than 60% of total respondents were aged from 30 to 49.
these age groups intend to involve actively in working as well as showing increased interest in what is going on in their neighborhood. 48.4% of the respondents were holding 4 year college degrees and 33.2% were high school graduated or less. In addition, more than 60% of the respondents answered that they are married with children who are under 18 years old. Therefore, it was no surprising to find out that a majority of the respondents were very concerned about safety of the area and social impacts of the casino which might have an effect on their children.
However, it was surprising to find out that more than 60% of the respondents were families with children under 18 years old, living near the Foxwoods Resort Casino. Only 19.2% of the respondents were employed within the casino and 68% were employed in other types of establishment or organizations, but although they are not working in the casino their job can be indirectly related to the casino (for example, delivering vegetables and fruits for food and beverage services in the casino and so on).
Finally, 64.8% of the respondents were homeowners in the area and expected to live there for the long-term basis and they can be very sensitive about changing house prices and what is going on around the region. It is true that casino development and expansion projects can have an impact to push house prices up in the area and become more desirable place to attract more people into the region in the long run.